Learn Surah al-Humazah with Tajweed
A Muslim learns the Qur’an to strengthen his bond with his creator from the Aqeedah aspect of it. He reforms his character with the ethical part, while the legal content of the Qur’an teaches the conditions for the acceptance and nullification of daily and occasional activities such as trade, marriage, jihad e.t.c
Suratul Humazah (Quran 104) is one of those chapters that deal with the reformation of the human character. I have chosen to write a short explanation of this chapter from the grammatical aspect because of the social stratification that is evident in every society and because it is one of the mufassal. Mufassal are the short chapters of the Qur’an, so it’s a chapter of the Qur’an that you can quickly spell, memorize and easily learn its reading with the tajweed in Shaa Allaah. It goes thus:
A study of the subject matter and style of this Surah which takes its name from the word Humazah that occurs in the first verse reveals that it is one of the earliest surah revealed in Mecca. All commentators as well agreed that it is a Meccan Surah.
Al-Jalalayn related in his tafser that this verse was revealed regarding those who slandered the Prophet and the believers the likes of Umayya b. Khalaf al-Walīd b. al-Mughīra and others.
In the first verse, Allaah cursed the scorners and the mockers(fault-finder) of the city of Makkah. They are known misers and they slander others because of the pride of their wealth. Their miserliness was depicted by the habitual counting of their riches (instead of giving out to the poor).
In the subsequent verses, Allaah described the severity of the punishment that awaits them and made it crystal clear that no amount of their amassed wealth can avail them of it.
This He (s.w.t) elucidated in verse 4 by the casting of the culprit into Hell as a mean and contemptible object. The Arabic word “nabdh” in “la yunbadhanna” is used for throwing away a thing regarding it as worthless and mean. Then verse 7 related that he will be burnt all the way to the heart by the fire (al-Hutamah -crusher) while he is still alive.
Mu’sadah (مؤصدة) in verse 8 means “shut” Ibn Abbas said its (the hell) doors will be closed.” (Upon them Fire will Mu’sadah.) meaning, it will be sealed over them and there will be no way for them to avoid it, nor will they have any way out.
Finally, Allaah said they shall be (enclosed) by tall columns. This could mean that the gates of Hell will be closed and tall columns will be erected on them; or that the culprits will be tied to the tall columns. According to Ibn `Abbas, the flames of the fire shall be rising high like tall columns.
Grammatically, all the verses except the sixth one contains a noun, a verb and a particle. Alladhi (الذى) which means”who” is used in the second verse for the fault-finder because it is considered masculine while allati describes fire which is regarded as feminine.
As regards reading of the surah with its rules, refer to the video above and go here to kick-start your Qur’an reading with tajweed.
In conclusion, this is a reminder and a stern warning for you and I to desist/refrain from vilifying others and to learn the habit of sharing wisely even when we are not financially buoyant.
And to this last point, Abu Dharr narrated that the Messenger of Allah said:
“Your smiling in the face of your brother is charity, commanding good and forbidding evil is charity, your giving directions to a man lost in the land is charity for you. Your seeing for a man with bad sight is a charity for you, your removal of a rock, a thorn or a bone from the road is charity for you. Your pouring what remains from your bucket into the bucket of your brother is charity for you. ” (Jami` at-Tirmidhi 1956; Book 27, Hadith 62)
- Philips, B., 2006. The Evolution of FIQH, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia: The International Publishing House
- Tafser Al-Jalalayn. Accessed at www.altasir.com
- Tafser Ibn Kathir. Accessed at www.alim.org
- Tafser Maududi. Accessed at www.alim.org
- Saheeh International; The Noble Qur’an. Available at https://quran.com
- Jami` at-Tirmidhi. Available at https://sunnah.com